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Timeline of Japanese Children's Literature and Related Events

Explanatory note

  • This timeline features significant works of children’s literature and picture books published in Japan from the modern period to 1999.
    Timelines in the following documents were used as a reference to create this chart.
    Koza Nihon jido bungaku bekkan [Lectures on Japanese children's literature, supplementary] vol. 1-2, Nihon jido bungakushi nenpyo [Timeline of Japanese children's literature] 1-2, edited by Shin Torigoe, (Meiji Shoin), 1975-77
    Kansho Nihon gendai bungaku [Overview of contemporary Japanese literature] vol.35, Jido bungaku [Children's Literature], edited by Shin Torigoe, (Kadokawa Shoten), July, 1982
    Takeo Miyakawa, Gendai jido bungaku no kataru mono [What contemporary children's literature tells us] (NHK Publishing), September, 1996 (NHK Book; 777)
  • Caption information is provided in the following order:
    Author, etc. (author, illustrator, translator, etc.), Romanized Japanese Title [Title translated into English/Title in English], Series title, Publisher. Magazine titles and series titles are noted in brackets after the main title. Publisher is noted when the work is the first issue.
  • Some linked pages of works in the timeline show their different editions.
  • Some titles in the timeline are linked to pages of their reprinted editions.
year History of Japanese children's literature Social and cultural history
18--
 
Momotaro [Peach boy] (T. Hasegawa's Tryckeri, crepe-paper book; written in Swedish)
 
1880
March
Eikyu Takeuchi, Akahon. Hanasaka jijii [Reddish cover book, The old man who made the dead trees blossom]
December
Education Order revised
1881
March
Compiled by the Institute for Musical Inspection (later Tokyo Music School), Ministry of Education, Shogaku shokashu, shohen [Collected songs for elementary schools, the first part]
October
Imperial Rescript on Establishment of the National Diet issued
1882  
October
The Bank of Japan established
1883  
April
Newspaper Ordinance revised
1884  
June
The line between Ueno and Takasaki stations was opened
1885    
1886
December
Momotarô, ou, le Premier-né de la Pêche (Kobunsha, crepe-paper book; written in French)
March to April
School Orders (Imperial University Order, Normal School Order, Elementary School Order and Middle School Order) issued
May
Regulations for the Authorization of Textbooks issued
1887    
1888
November
Shonen'en [Children's garden] (Shonen'en) first published
December
Andersen/Koji Zaiitsu, Fusei kidan: Osama no shin'isho [Satirical anecdote: The emperor's new clothes]
 
1889
July
Shokokumin [Young nationals] (Gakureikan) first published
October
Wilhelm Grimm/Kazutoshi Ueda, Ookami [The wolf and the seven young kids] (Katei sowa [Family collection] 1)
February
The Constitution of the Empire of Japan promulgated
1890
January
Shonen bunbu [Boys' pen and sword] (Choshikan) first published
November
Hirotada Miwa, Shonen no tama [Boys' gem] vol. 1-4
July
The First General Election of the Members of the House of Representatives
October
Imperial Rescript on Education promulgated
November
The First Imperial Diet held
1891
January
Sazanami Sanjin, Koganemaru [A dog named Koganemaru] (Shonen bungaku [Children's literature] 1)
March
Koyosanjin, Ninin Mukusuke [Little Claus and big Claus] (Shonen bungaku [Children's literature] 2)
October
Koyo Ozaki, Oni Momotaro [Ogre peach boy] (Yonen bungaku [Young children's literature] 1)
Shizuko Wakamatsu, Shokoshi [Little lord Fauntleroy] vol. 1
 
1892
March
Edited by Shuji Izawa, Shogaku shoka [Collected songs for elementary schools] 1, edited by Shuji Isawa
September
Sazanami Ooe, Shochu kyuka [Summer holiday] (Shonen bungaku [Children's literature] 13)
 
1893    
1894
March
Yuho Takahashi, Robinson Kuruso zetto hyoryuki [Robinson Crusoe] vol. 1-3 (Sekai bunko [World library] 11-13)
July
Sazanami Iwaya, Momotaro [Peach boy] (Nihon Mukashibanashi [Japanese folktales] 1)
August
First Sino-Japanese War begins
1895
January
Shonen sekai [Children's world] (Hakubunkan) first published
April
Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty signed
1896
October
Sazanami Ooe, Yatagarasu [The three-legged crow] (Nihon otogibanashi [Japanese fairy tales] 1)
December
Jules Verne/Shiken Koji, Jugo shonen [Two years' vacation]
April
Civil Code promulgated
1897  
March
Coinage Act promulgated
1898    
1899
January
Sazanami Ooe, Sekai no hajime [Begining of the world] (Sekai otogibanashi [Fairy tales of the world] 1)
June
Mayne Reid/Oson Sakurai, Hatsukokai: Yushonen bokentan [The first voyage: Adventurous story of a boy]
 
1900
November
Shunro Oshikawa, Kaitei gunkan: Kaito boken kitan [A submarine battleship: A mysterious tale of island adventures]
 
1901    
1902
December
Daisui Sugitani, Kyoiku shosetsu gakudou nisshi [Cuore (Heart), an Italian school boy’s journal] vol. 1-2
January
Anglo-Japanese Alliance signed
1903
July
Hector Malot/Sosen Gorai, Katei shosetsu mada minu oya [Nobody's boy]
April
Elementary School Order revised Government-designated textbook system adopted
1904
April
Otogi etoki kodomo [Picture fairy tales for children] (Jido Biikukai) first published
February
The Russo-Japanese War begins
1905
September
Shojo chishiki gaho [Girls’ picture magazine of knowledge] (Kinji Gahosha) first published
Shonen chishiki gaho [Boys’ picture magazine of knowledge ] (Kinji Gahosha) first published
September
Russo-Japanese Peace Treaty signed
1906
January
Yonen gaho [Illustrated magazine for young children] (Hakubunkan) first published
Nihon shonen [Japanese children] (Jitsugyo no Nihon Sha) first published
December
Louisa May Alcott/Shuho Kitada, Shofujin [Little women]
March
Imperial Library opened
1907    
1908
February
Shojo no tomo [Girls' companion] (Jitsugyo no Nihon Sha) first published
November
Sazanami Iwaya, Otogigacho, ukare kokyu [Fairytale picture book, the joyful fiddle]
 
1909
January
Yonen no tomo [Young children's companion] (Jitsugyo no Nihon Sha) first published
May
Kuni Sasaki, Itazura kozo nikki [A bad boy's diary]
 
1910
May
Hosui Arimoto, Boken shosetsu: Hinaso to kaizoku [Adventure novel: Young priest and pirate] (Nihon shonen [Japanese children] vol. 5, no.6)
December
Mimei Ogawa, Akai fune [Red boat]
August
The Japan–Korea Treaty signed
1911
March
Sekka Sanjin, Ooishi kuranosuke azumakudari [Kuranosuke Oishi’s journey to the east] (Tatsukawa bunko [Tatsukawa library] 26)
Kazutoshi Ueda, Andorusen katei monogatari [Andersen family tales]
September
Written by Sazanami Iwaya, illustrated by Sakae Okano/Shokichi Kobayashi/Hisui Sugiura, Nihon’ichi no ebanashi [Japan's best illustrated children's stories] 35-volume set (Nakanishiya Shoten) started publishing
 
1912
January
Shojo gaho [Girls’ picture magazine] (Tokyosha) first published
 
Constitution protection movement erupted
1913
April
Sekka Sanjin, Mito Komon Kyushu man'yuki [Mito Komon's journey to Kyushu] (Tatsukawa bunko [Tatsukawa library] 43)
November
Yumeji Takehisa, Dontaku [Holiday]
 
1914
January
Kodomo [Children] (Kodomosha) first published
March
Hosui Arimoto, Hosui shishu [Collected verses by Hosui]
April
Kodomo no tomo [Children's companion] (Fujin-no-tomo-sha) first published
May
Momotaro [Peach boy] (T.Hasegawa, crepe-paper book; written in Spanish)
June
Akiko Yosano, Yatsu no yoru [Eight nights] (Aishi sosho [Books for beloved children] 4)
August
Yaeko Nogami, Ningyo no nozomi [The hope of dolls] (Aishi sosho [Books for beloved children] 5)
November
Shonen kurabu [Boys’ club] (Dainihon yubenkai) first published
July
World War I begins
1915    
1916
January
Ryoyu [Good friends] (Kodomosha) first published
July (to 1923)
Nobuko Yoshiya, Hana monogatari [Tales of Flowers] (Shojo gaho [Girls’ illustrated magazine])
December
Miekichi Suzuki, Kosui no onna [A woman of the lake]
 
1917
April
Toson Shimazaki, Osanaki mono ni [To the young]
August
Mikihiko Nagata, Anderusen otogibanashi [Andersen’s fairy tales] (Mohan katei bunko [Model family’s library])
November
Soviet government established (October Revolution)
1918
January
Sazanami Iwaya/Yumeji Takehisa, Otogi zoshi, dobutsu no maki [Fairy tales, volume of animals]
Sazanami Iwaya/Ryushi Kawabata, Otogi zoshi ponchi no maki [Fairy tales, volume of caricature]
July
Akai tori [Red bird] (Akaitorisha) first published
Ryunosuke Akutagawa, Kumo no ito [The spider's thread] (Akai tori [Red bird] vol. 1, no. 1)
October
Hakushu Kitahara, Akai tori, kotori [Red bird, little bird] (Akai tori [Red bird] vol. 1, no. 4)
August
Rice riot occurs
November
World War I ends
1919
March
Otogi no sekai [The world of fairy tales] (Bunkodo) first published
May
Mimei Ogawa, Ushionna [The cow woman] (Otogi no sekai [The world of fairy tales] vol. 1, no. 2)
October
Hakushu Kitahara, Tonbo no medama [Eyes of a dragonfly]
November
Kin no fune [The golden ship] (Kin No Tsuno Sha) first published
December
Mimei Ogawa, Kin no wa [The golden circle]
 
1920
February
Nobuko Yoshiya, Hana monogatari [Tales of flowers] 1
April
Dowa [Children's stories] (Kodomosha) first published
November
Akai tori no hon [Books of Red Bird] (Akaitorisha) started publishing
Miekichi Suzuki, Kojiki monogatari [Records of ancient matters] vol. 1 (Akai tori no hon [Books of Red bird] 1)
January
League of Nations founded
1921
January
Yaso Saijo, Omu to tokei [Parrots and clocks] (Akai tori no hon [Books of Red bird] 3)
May
Mimei Ogawa, Akai rosoku to ningyo [The red candle and the mermaid]
Hakushu Kitahara, Usagi no denpo [Rabbit telegrams]
June
Sazanami Iwaya, Koganemaru: 30nenme kakinaoshi [A dog named Koganemaru: Revised in the 30th year]
Ujo Noguchi, Jugoya otsukisan [Full moon]
August
Hirosuke Hamada, Mukudori no yume [A dream of a gray starling]
December
Kenji Miyazawa, Yukiwatari [Snow treading] (Aikoku fujin [Patriotic women] December issue) →picture book
Hakushu Kitahara, Maza gusu [Mother Goose]
Rofu Miki, Shinjushima [Pearl island]

 
1922
January
Kodomo no kuni [Children's land] first published
June
Takeo Arishima, Hitofusa no budo [A bunch of grape]
Lewis Carroll/Yaso Saijo, Kagamikoku meguri [Through the looking-glass, and what Alice found there]
July
Mimei Ogawa, Tsukiyo to megane [The moonlight and glasses] (Akai tori [Red bird] vol. 9, no. 1)
 
1923
January
Bocho Yamamura, Tetsu no kutsu [Iron shoes]
Shojo kurabu [Girls' club] (Dainihon Yubenkai) first published
April
Kenji Miyazawa, Yamanashi [Wild pear] (Iwate Mainichi Shimbun [Iwate daily newspaper]) →picture book
July
Hakushu Kitahara, Hanasaka jiisan [The old man who made the dead trees blossom] (Hakushu doyo [Children's songs by Hakushu] 5)
November
Kodomo Asahi [Children's Asahi] (Osaka Asahi Shimbunsha) first published
December
Yumeji Takehisa, Dontaku ehon [Holiday picture book] 1, 2
September
The Great Kanto earthquake occurs
1924
March
Yumeji Takehisa, Dontaku ehon [Holiday picture book] 3
June
Ujo Noguchi, Aoi me no ningyo [Blue-eyed doll]
July
Written by Shosei Oda/illustrated by Tofujin, Shochan no boken [Adventures of Sho-chan] 1
November
Hirosuke Hamada, Hirosuke dowa dokuhon: daiisshu [Children's story book of Hirosuke, vol. 1]
December
Kenji Miyazawa, Chumon no ooi ryoriten [The restaurant of many orders]
 
1925
January
Haruo Sato, Pinochio [Pinocchio]
May (to December 1928)
Eiji Yoshikawa, Shinshu tenmakyo [Shinshu chivalry] (Shonen kurabu [Boys’ club]) →published in book form
September (to October)
Shozo Chiba, Torachan no nikki [Tora-chan's diary] (Dowa [Children's stories])
November
Hans Christian Andersen/Masao Kusuyama, Oyayubihime [Thumbelina] (E to ohanashi no hon [Book of pictures and stories] 4)
December
Masao Kusuyama, Ootoko to Issunboshi [Big man and the Little one inch] (E to ohanashi no hon [Book of pictures and stories] 3)
April
Peace Preservation Law promulgated
May
General Election Law promulgated
1926
January
Kenji Miyazawa, Otsuberu to zo [Ozbel and the elephant] (Getsuyo [Monday]) →picture book
May
Mimei Ogawa, Kongo wo dowa sakka ni [Mimei’s intention to dedicate himself to writing children’s stories] (Tokyo Nichi-Nichi shimbun [Tokyo daily newspaper])
September
Haruo Sato, Inago no dairyoko [A great journey of a locust]
October
Rofu Miki, Ohisama: Doyoshu [The sun: Collection of children's songs]
December
Eiji Yoshikawa, Shinshu tenmakyo [Heavenly horse in the divine land]
August
Nippon Hoso Kyokai (NHK, Japan Broadcasting Corporation) founded
1927
January (to December)
Kinji Ome, Jaga no me [A jaguar's eyes] (Shonen kurabu [Boys’ club])
March
Yoshio Toshima, Yume no tamago [The dream egg] (Akai tori sosho [Red bird series] 4)
Jiro Osaragi, Kakubee jishi [The lion dancer] (Shonen kurabu [Boys’ club])
May
Koroku Sato, Aa gyokuhai ni hana ukete [Ah! Flowers in a jade cup] (Shonen kurabu [Boys’ club])
Nihon jido bunko [Japanese children's library] 76-volume set, (ARS) started publishing
Shogakusei zenshu [The complete works for elementary school children] 88-volume set, (Bungeishunju Ltd./Kobunsha Co., Ltd.) started publishing
October (to December 1929)
Kuni Sasaki, Kushin no gakuyu [Hard days of a fellow student] (Shonen kurabu [Boys’ club]) →published in book format
November
Kinda bukku [Kinderbook] (Froebel-kan) first published
 
1928
February
Shozo Ino, Don don yaki [Japanese savoury pancake] (Puroretaria geijutsu [Proletarian arts])
June
Ryunosuke Akutagawa, Mittsu no takara [Three pieces of treasure]
September
Kodomo ehon bunko [Children's picture book library] (Seibundo)
February
First general election held
1929
March
Yasunari Kawabata, Kyucho no tantei [Class president as a detective] (Shonen kurabu [Boys’ club]) vol. 16, no. 3) →published in book format
June
Shozo Chiba, Tote basha [The horn of a village omnibus]
December
Shozo Chiba, Wanwan monogatari [The story of doggie] (Kinran Ebanashi Sosho [Golden picture story series] 2)
October
Great Depression begins
1930
March
Kuni Sasaki, Kushin no gakuyu [Hard days of a fellow student]
April (to September)
Minetaro Yamanaka, Tekichu odan sanbyakuri [750 miles through enemies] (Shonen kurabu [Boys’ club]) →published in book format
November
Edited by Hakushu Kitahara, Akai tori doyoshu [Children’s song collection of Red bird]
 
1931
January (to December)
Suiho Tagawa, Norakuro nitosotsu [Norakuro second-class soldier] (Shonen kurabu [Boys’ club])
March
Minetaro Yamanaka, Tekichu odan sanbyakuri [750 miles through enemies]
July
Edited by Kusuro Makimoto/Daiji Kawasaki, Chiisai doshi [Small comrades]
October
übers. von K. Florenz, Momotaro, oder, der Pfirschling, (T. Hasegawa)
November
Written by Atsuo Ooki/illustrated by Kyoji Yoshimi, Miebo no hiyokko [Medio pollito/half chicken], (Sekai yonen sosho [The world children’s picture story books])
December
Seika Tatsumi, Yuki to roba: Doyoshu [Snow and a donkey: The collection of children's songs]
September
Manchurian Incident occurs
1932
January
Nankichi Niimi, Gongitsune [Gon, the little fox] (Akai tori [Red bird] revised vol. 3, no. 1)
Mimei Ogawa, Nandemo hairimasu [Anything can fit inside] (Kodomo no kuni [Children's land] vol. 11, no. 1)
March
Kenji Miyazawa, Gusuko Budori no denki [The life of Gusuko Budori] (Jido bungaku [Children's literature] 2)
April
Yoichiro Minami, Hoeru mitsurin [Roar in the jungle] (Shonen kurabu [Boys’ club]) →published in book format
May
Written by Atsuo Ooki/illustrated by Tomoyoshi Murayama, Neko no shippo [Tale of a cat's tail], (Sekai yonen sosho [The world children’s picture story books])
October
Yaso Saijo, Shojo junjo shishu [The collection of pure poems for girls]
May
May 15 Incident occurs
1933
March
Yoichiro Minami, Hoeru mitsurin [Roar in the jungle] (Dainihon Yubenkai Kodansha) →Another edition
June
Jun’ichi Yoda, Hata hachi kumo [A flag, a bee, and cloud]
March
Japan withdraws from the League of Nations
1934
June
Erich Kästner/Juzaburo Kikuchi, Shonen tantei Emiru [Emil and the detectives]
November
Takeo Takei, Akanoppo Aonoppo [The red ogre and the blue ogre]
 
1935
July
Joji Tsubota, Maho [Magic]
November
Yuzo Yamamoto, Kokoro ni taiyo wo mote [Have the sun in your heart] (Nihon shokokumin bunko [Series for Japanese young nationals] 12)
December
Doen [Children’s garden] (Waseda Daigaku Dowakai kikanshi [Bulletin of children's story group, Waseda University]) first published
 
1936
January (to December)
Rampo Edogawa, Kaijin nijumenso [A mysterious man with twenty faces] (Shonen kurabu [Boys’ club])
March
Mimei Ogawa, Mimei hirakana dowa dokuhon [Mimei's hiragana reader of children's stories]
December
Kodansha no ehon [Kodansha's picture books] started publishing
Nobumasa Ikeda, Nogi taisho [General Nogi]
February
The 2.26 Incident occurs
1937
January
Kodomo no hikari [Children's light] (Kodomo Kenkyusha) first published
March
Kusuro Makimoto, Harappa no kodomo kai [Children's meeting in the field] (Shin dowa senshu [New selection of children's stories] 2)
August
Yuzo Yamamoto/Genzaburo Yoshino, Kimitachi wa do ikiruka [How should you live?] (Nihon shokokumin bunko [Japanese young citizens’ library] 5) →another edition
December
Shigeru Hatsuyama, Taberu Tonchan [Ton-chan is eating]
Yasunari Kawabata, Kyucho no tantei [Class president as a detective]
July
Second Sino-Japanese War begins
1938
January
Joji Tsubota, Zenta to Sanpei no hanashi [The story of Zenta and Sanpei]
April
Yuzo Yamamoto, Senso to futari no fujin [Two women and war]
April
National Mobilization Law promulgated
1939  
September
World War II begins
1940
December
Jun’ichi Yoda, Yagi to osara [A goat and a dish]
A. A. Milne/Momoko Ishii, Kuma no Pusan [Winnie-the-Pooh] →another edition
September
Tripartite Pact signed
1941
January
Hugh Lofting/Masuji Ibuse, Doritoru sensei Afurika yuki [The story of Doctor Dolittle] →another edition
April
Kenji Miyazawa, Gusukobudori no denki [The life of Gusuko Budori]
October
Written by Kazuho Yoshida/illustrated by Shigeru Hatsuyama, Hibari wa sorani [A lark in the sky], (Shin nihon yonen bunko [The new Japanese young children’s library])
November
Muku Hatoju, Daizo jiisan to gan [Old Daizo and a wild goose] (Shonen kurabu [Boys’ club] vol. 28, no. 11) →picture book
December
Pacific War begins
1942
January
Written by Yoshimi Sato/illustrated by Kazu Wakita, Pukuma ukuma [Pooh bear and Ooh bear], (Shin nihon yonen bunko [The new Japanese young children’s library])
September
Taku Shimohata, Renga no entotsu [Chimneys of bricks]
October
Nankichi Niimi, Ojiisan no ranpu [Grandfather's lamp]
 
1943
May
Muku Hatoju, Dobutsudomo [Animals]
Shokokumin bungaku [Japanese young nationals’ literature] (Toen Shobo, Nihon Shokokumin Bunka Kyokai Bungakubu kikanshi) first published
July
Joji Tsubota, Tsuru no ongaeshi [The grateful crane]
December
First departure of students for the battlefront
1944
February
Written by Kenjiro Tsukahara/illustrated by Akira Nakao, Kawa no ie no tomodachi [A friend living near the river] (Shokokumin ebunko [Young nationals’ picture book library])
 
1945  
August
Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Japan accepts the Potsdam Declaration (Surrenders unconditionally to the Allied Forces)
October
United Nations founded
1946
April
Akatonbo [Red dragonfly] (Jitsugyo no Nihon Sha) first published
Kodomo no hiroba [Children's plaza] (Shinsekaisha) first published
October
Ginga [The milky way] (Shinchosha) first published
November
Constitution of Japan promulgated
1947
February
Momoko Ishii, Nonchan kumo ni noru [Non-chan rides the clouds] →another edition
March
Michio Takeyama, Biruma no tategoto [Harp of Burma] (Akatonbo [Red dragonfly], to February 1948)
Written by Takeji Hiratsuka/illustrated by Ryu Osanai, Nippon no ama [Japanese woman diver] (Shokokumin ebunko [Young nationals’ picture book library])
March
Fundamental Law of Education and School Education Act promulgated
1948
February
Yoshio Okamoto, Rakudai yokocho [The flunk side street] (Ginga [The Milky way], vol. 3, no. 2)
Shonen shojo [Boys and girls] (Chuokoron-sha) first published
Takeji Hiratsuka, Tamamushi no zushi no monogatari [The tale of tamamushi shrine] (Shonen shojo [Boys and girls] vol. 1, no. 1)
June
National Diet Library opens
1949
April
Sakae Tsuboi, Kaki no ki no aru ie [The house with the persimmon tree]
November
Sekai no ehon [World picture books] (Shinchosha Publishing Co., Ltd.) started publishing
Original story by Hector Malot/written by Fumiko Hayashi/illustrated by Hisashi Suda, Ienakiko [Nobody's boy] (Sekai no ehon [World picture books] middle-size edition; 1)
December
Written by Isoji Sekiya/illustrated by Shozo Oonuki and others, Nihon'ichi zukukshi [The best of Japan], (Sekai no ehon [World picture books] large-size edition; 1)
 
1950
March
Mame no ki [Beanstalk] (Dojinshi [coterie magazine]) first published
December
Iwanami shonen bunko [Iwanami children’s library] started publishing
Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson /Naojiro Sasaki, Takarajima [Treasure island] (Iwanami shonen bunko [Iwanami children’s library])
June
Korean War begins
August
National Police Reserve formed
1951
June
Miyoko Matsutani, Kai ni natta kodomo [The child who turned into a shellfish]
December
Jun'ichi Yoda, Goju ichibanme no zabon [The fifty-first pomelo]
September
Treaty of San Francisco and Security Treaty between the United States and Japan signed
1952
December
Sakae Tsuboi, Nijushi no hitomi [Twenty-four eyes]
 
1953
September
Makoto Ooishi, Fushinki [Wind vane] (Doen [Children’s garden])
December
Tomiko Inui, Tsugumi [Thrush] (Mugi [Wheat])
August
School Library Act established
1954
December
Ichitaro Kokubun, Tetsu no machi no shonen [Boys of the ironworks town]
Written by Munro Leaf/illustrated by Robert Lawson, Hana no sukina ushi [The story of Ferdinand], (Iwanami no kodomo no hon, yo ichi ni nenmuke [Iwanami children's books for kindergarten, first and second grade students]; 11)
 
1955    
1956
April
Kodomo no tomo [Children's companion] (Fukuinkan Shoten Publishers) started publishing
Written by Jun'ichi Yoda/illustrated by Fumiko Hori, Bippu to chocho [Bip and the butterfly], (Kodomo no tomo [Children's companion] no. 1)
Sukeyuki Imanishi, Sora no hitsujikai [The shepherd of the sky]
May
Original story by Kenji Miyazawa/original plan by Yoshimi Sato/illustrated by Takeshi Motai, Serohiki no Goshu [Gauche the cellist], (Kodomo no tomo [Children's companion] no. 2)
October
Joint Declaration by Japan and the USSR signed
December
Japan joins the United Nations
1957
March
Tomiko Inui, Nagai nagai pengin no hanashi [A long long story of the penguins]
December
Edited by Jun’ichi Yoda, Nihon doyoshu [The collection of Japanese children's songs]
 
1958    
1959
August
Satoru Sato, Daremo shiranai chiisana kuni [The tiny country that nobody knows]
December
Tomiko Inui, Kokage no ie no kobitotachi [Yuri and the little people]
 
1960
July
Hisashi Yamanaka, Akage no Pochi [Red-haired puppy, Pochi]
August
Miyoko Matsutani, Tatsu no ko Taro [Taro, the dragon boy]
October
Yoshitomo Imae, Yama no muko wa aoi umi datta [Over the mountain there was the blue sea] →another edition
January
Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan signed
May to June
Protests against the United States-Japan Security Treaty expands
December
Vietnam War begins
1961
January
Hachiro Sato, Okasan [Mother] →picture book
June
Teruo Teramura, Boku wa osama [I am the king]
November
Taruhi Furuta, Nusumareta machi [A stolen town]
December
Toshiko Kanzawa, Chibikko Kamu no boken [The adventures of little Kamu]
 
1962
December
Rieko Nakagawa, Iyaiyaen ["No-no" nursery school]
 
1963
December
Written by Rieko Nakagawa/illustrated by Yuriko Oomura, Guri to Gura [Guri and Gura], (Kodomo no tomo [Children's companion] no. 93)
Momoko Ishii, Sangatsu hina no tsuki [The dolls' day for Yoshiko]
 
1964
March
Yoshiko Okkotsu, Piichashan [Mt. Piecha]
July
Miyoko Matsutani, Chiisai Momochan [Little Momo]
September
Gennosuke Nagasaki, Aho no hoshi [The star of a fool]
October
Tokaido Shinkansen opens
Tokyo Olympic Games held
1965
January
Makoto Ooishi, Chokoreto senso [Chocolate war]
August
Tadashi Ozawa, Me wo samase Toragoro [Wake up, Toragoro]
October (to August 1968)
Makoto Oishi, Kyoshitsu niimarugogo [Classroom no. 205] (Biwa no mi gakko daiikki [Loquat fruit school, first semester]) →published in book format
December
Sukeyuki Imanishi, Higo no ishiku [The mason of Higo]
June
Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea signed
1966
December
Written by Minami Nishiuchi/illustrated by Seiichi Horiuchi, Gurunpa no yochien [Grumpa's kindergarten], (Kodomo no tomo kessakushu [Masterpieces of Children's companion] 32)
 
1967
February
Ryuji Goto, Tenshi de daichi wa ippaida [The land is filled with angels]
Rewritten by Tadashi Matsui/illustrated by Suekichi Akaba, Daiku to oniroku [Oniroku and the carpenter], (Kodomo no tomo kessakushu [Masterpieces of Children's companion] 36)
April
Written by Miyoko Matsutani/illustrated by Yasuo Segawa, Inai inai ba [Peek-a-boo]
September
Yasuo Maekawa, Yan
November
Ryusuke Saito, Berodashi Chonma [Chomma (Chomatsu) poking out his tongue]
 
1968
March
Kimiko Aman, Kuruma no iro wa sora no iro [Taxi driver Matsui’s special customers]
June
Michio Mado, Tenpura piripiri [Tempura piripiri (sizzling)]
Chihiro Iwasaki, Ame no hi no orusuban [Staying home alone on a rainy day]
 
1969
April
Written by Leo Lionni/ illustrated by Shuntaro Tanikawa, Suimi: Chiisana kashikoi sakana no hanashi [Swimmy: Story about a little wise fish]
May
Taku Miki, Horobita kuni no tabi [A travel through a ruined country]
June
Makoto Ooishi, Kyoshitsu niimarugogo [Classroom no. 205]
Toshiko Kanzawa, Kuma no ko Ufu [Oof, the bear cub]
December
Tsuguo Okuda, Bokuchan no senjo [My battle field]
Kayako Nishimaki, Watashi no wanpisu [My miracle dress]
July
Apollo 11 lands on the moon.
1970
February
Atsuo Saito, Gurikku no boken [Enchanted journey]
November
Hiroshi Sunada, Saraba haiuei [Farewell to highways]
March
Japan World Exposition held
1971
February
Written by Funazaki Yoshihiko/ illustrated by Funazaki Yasuko, Tonkachi to hanashogun [Tonkachi, a little boy’s adventure]
March
Mitsumasa Anno, Fushigina e [Topsy-turvies: Pictures to stretch the imagination] (Kodomo no tomo kessakushu [Masterpieces of Children's companion])
 
1972
February
Akira Saneto, Jibetakkosama [Earth god]
May
Naoko Awa, Kaze to ki no uta [A song of wind and a tree]
August
Mikio Ando, Dendenmushi no keiba [Snail’s contest]
October
Haruo Yamashita, Umi no shirouma [White horse of the sea]
November
Written by Arnold Lobel/translated by Taku Miki, Futari wa tomodachi [Frog and toad are friends]
May
Okinawa returned to Japan
September
Japan-China Joint Communique signed
1973
March
Jun’ichi Yoda, No yuki yama yuki: Shonen shojo shikyokushu [To fields, to mountains: The collection of boys' and girls' poems and songs]
April
Taijiro Amazawa, Hikariguruma yo maware! [Spin round, O wheels of light!]
Seizo Tajima, Fukimanbuku [The girl and the butterbur sprout]
October
Shuntaro Tanikawa, Kotoba asobi uta [Word game: Nonsense pictures and rhymes]
November
Outline of emergency measures on oil adopted (1973 oil crisis)
1974
March
Yoshihiko Funazaki, Poppen sensei to kaerazu no numa [Professor Poppen and the swamp of no return]
June
Kenjiro Haitani, Usagi no me [A rabbit's eyes]
August
Written by Yoshio Nakae/illustrated by Noriko Ueno, Nezumikun no chokki [Little mouse’s red vest]
November
Written by Taruhi Furuta/illustrated by Seiichi Tabata, Oshiire no boken [Adventure in the closet]
 
1975
May
Nobuyuki Mitamura, Otosan ga ippai [So many fathers]
June
Daihachi Ota, Kasa [Umbrella] (Joifuru ehon kessakushu [Best of joyful picture books] 10)
October
Sachiko Kashiwaba, Kiri no muko no fushigina machi [The marvelous village veiled in mist]
December
Hiroo Sakata, Sacchan [Satchan]
 
1976
February
Shuntaro Tanikawa, Daremo shiranai [Nobody knows]
June
Shuhei Hasegawa, Hasegawakun kiraiya [Can't stand Hasegawa] →another edition
October
Written by Shuntaro Tanikawa/illustrated by Shinta Cho, Watashi [Me], (Kagaku no tomo [Children's science companion] no. 91)
February
Lockheed bribery scandals occurred
1977
April
Written by Yoriko Tsutsui/illustrated by Akiko Hayashi, Hajimete no otsukai [Mii-chan’s first errand], (Kodomo no tomo kessakushu [Masterpieces of Children's companion])
 
1978
February
Masamoto Nasu, Soreike zukkoke sanningumi [Let's go, funny trio]
August
Toshihide Kunimatsu, Okashina kin'yobi [Funny Friday]
August
Treaty of Peace and Friendship between Japan and China signed
1979
November
Taro Gomi, Saru, rururu [Monkey, rururu]
 
1980
January
Masamoto Nasu, Bokura wa umi e [We'll go out to the sea]
June
Toshi Maruki, Hiroshima no pika [The Hiroshima story]
September
Shiro Yadama, Hare tokidoki buta [Fair, then partly piggy]
Shinta Cho, Kyabetsukun [Cabbage boy]
September
Iran–Iraq War begins
1981
July
Eiko Kadono, Zubon senchosan no hanashi [Tales of an old sea captain]
 
1982
January
Naoko Kudo, Tetsugaku no raion: Kudo Naoko shonen shishu [Philosophical lion: The collection of children's poems by Naoko Kudo]
August
Kimiko Aman, Chiichan no kageokuri [Chii-chan and the shadow figures]
October
Gen'ichiro Yagyu, Hana no ana no hanashi [The holes in your nose] (Kagaku no tomo kessakushu [Masterpieces of Children’s science companion])
 
1983
June
Yuhi ga senaka wo oshitekuru [The sunset pushes my back], written by Hiroo Sakata/illustrated by Jun Takabatake
April
Tokyo Disneyland opens
1984
February
Edited by Jun’ichi Yoda and others, Kaneko Misuzu zenshu [Complete works of Misuzu Kaneko]
May
Naoko Kudo, Nohara uta [A field sing-a-long] 1
 
1985
April
Miyako Moriyama, Kiiroi baketsu [The yellow bucket]
June
Makoto Kawashima, Denwa ga natteiru [The telephone is ringing]
December
Tadaaki Mori, Shonen jidai no gashu [Collected pictures of childhood]
 
1986
March
Takaya Hama, Hi no o tanjo [Birth of the fire king]
December
Jun Okada, Gakko usagi wo tsukamaero [Catching the school rabbit]
Shuzo Oka, Boku no oneesan [My older sister]
 
1987
May
Hiroshi Saito, Rudorufu to Ippaiattena [Rudolf the black cat]
September
Tatsuya Saragai, Umi no medaka [Killifish in the sea]
April
Privatization and separation of Japanese National Railways
1988
January
Ken Katayama, Oyasuminasai Kokkosan [Good night, Kokko]
August
Noriko Ogiwara, Sorairo magatama [Dragon sword and wind child] →revised version
March
Seikan Tunnel opens
1989
August
Kaori Ekuni, Tsumetai yoru ni [At the cold night]
 
1990
June
Yoko Tomiyasu, Kunugibayashi no Zawazawaso [The rustling apartment in the oak wood]
August
Hiko Tanaka, Ohikkoshi [Moving]
December
Yosuke Inoue, Magareba magarimichi [Around the corner] (Kodomo no tomo [Children's companion] no. 417)
 
1991
May
Hiroshi Ito, Osaru no mainichi [A day in a monkey's life]
January
Gulf War begins
1992
May
Kazumi Yumoto, Natsu no niwa: The friends [The friends] →revised version
September
Written by Michio Mado/edited by Hideharu Ito, Mado Michio zenshishu [Complete works of poems by Michio Mado] →revised edition
 
Bubble Economy bursts
1993    
1994
April
Kaho Nashiki, Nishi no majo ga shinda [The witch of the west is dead] →another edition
 
1995
March
Written by Misuzu Kaneko/selected by Setsuo Yazaki, Akarui ho e: Kaneko Misuzu doyoshu [To a brighter place: The collection of children's songs by Misuzu Kaneko]
January
Great Hanshin-Awaji earthquake occurs
March
Tokyo subway Sarin attack occurs
1996
June
Yoko Saso, Bokura no saite no natsu [Our worst summer ever]
July
Nahoko Uehashi, Seirei no moribito [Moribito: Guardian of the spirit]
December
Atsuko Asano, Batteri [Battery]
 
1997
October
Joko Iwase, Arumajiro no shippo [The tail of the armadillo]
Takako Sato, Iguanakun no ojamana mainichi [Day for day with our troublesome iguana]
 
1998
July
Eto Mori, Karafuru [Colorful]
August
Hiroshi Abe, Gorira nikki [Gorilla diary]
October
Written by Yu Ito/illustrated by Daihachi Ota, Oni no hashi [A bridge to the other world]
 
1999
August
Written by Hiroshi Osada /illustrated by Ryoji Arai, Mori no ehon [A forest picture book]
September
Hoko Takadono, Juichigatsu no tobira [The door of November]